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Lipulekh, Limpiyadhura, Kalapani: Trying to understand the dispute

Lipulekh, Limpiyadhura, Kalapani: Trying to understand the dispute


Kathmandu, May 11, 2020

Photo: Baburam Shrestha



  • India on October 31 launched a map incorporating the disputed territory of Kalapani
  • Nepali officers known as out on the brand new map alleging encroachment
  • MEA claims Indian map has precisely depicted the Indian territory


  • On Friday, India inaugurated a highway by way of the controversial territory
  • Widespread protests staged in Kathmandu in response
  • MOFA launched a press launch objecting Indian authorities’s exercise in Nepali territory
  • MEA of India responded to Nepal Government’s assertion on the difficulty claimed that the lately inaugurated highway part utterly throughout the territory of India
  • Protests erupted in Kathmandu, the Nepali capital, claiming that the souther neighbours have encroached Nepali land
  • The protests had been adopted by a sequence of arrests
  • On Sunday, the 2 chairs of ruling Nepal Communist Party (NCP) — Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli and Former PM Pushpa Kamal Dahal — issued an announcement asking
  • On the identical day, GoN reiterated its dedication to discovering an answer to the Nepal-India boundary debate by way of the diplomatic efforts
  • The day too noticed a sequence of protests and arrests
  • Opposition events together with main opposition get together Nepali Congress launched statements demanding that the federal government provoke high-level diplomatic dialogue


The Indian Government on October 31, 2019 printed a brand new political map of India that integrated the state of Ladakh into the Indian territory. The new geographical map of India nevertheless has triggered widespread nationwide outrage in Nepal, which alleges the Indian officers of encroaching Kalapani, which is an integral half annexed to Nepal. The authorities of Nepal, has been in denial of the brand new map issued by India and has been assuring its public that diplomatic efforts with the Indian officers are underway to resolve the matter. Meanwhile, the difficulty that has been prevalent since a very long time has resurfaced one once more after India inaugurated a highway by way of the Nepali territory on Friday.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) after the map was printed, in November, 2019, in response to the brand new map issued by India, has twice printed statements addressing the Indian authorities proposing dates to carry bilateral conferences between international secretaries of the 2 nations as representatives.The Indian facet has not responded but and because of this, no diplomatic discussions have been held between the 2 nations to resolve the difficulty.

A day after Nepal strongly objected to the recently-released Indian political map at a press meet held on the ministry, MEA Spokesperson Raveesh Kumar claimed that the Indian map has precisely depicted the sovereign territory of India.

Later, in May 2020, Rajnath Singh, the Defense Minister of India inaugurated a highway that connects Dharchula in Uttarakhand to the Lipulekh Pass in Sudurpaschim on Friday.

This motion on Saturday led to vehement protests in Kathmandu from Nepali college students demanding the federal government to handle the difficulty and make conscious public concerning the authorities’s response.

Photo: Skanda Gautam/THT

MOFA has objected to the development of the highway in Nepali territory by way of a press launch on Saturday.

Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) of India has responded to Nepal Government’s assertion on the difficulty claimed that the lately inaugurated highway part in Pithoragarh district within the Indian state of Uttarakhand lies utterly throughout the territory of India and that the highway follows the pre-existing route utilized by pilgrims of the Kailash Mansarovar Yatra.

Furthermore, MEA, India states that India is dedicated to resolving excellent boundary points by way of diplomatic dialogue, within the spirit of shut and pleasant bilateral relations with Nepal.


As per the Sugauli Sandhi (treaty) penned on March 4, 1816, between Nepal and British East-India Company, the then rulers of India, Mahakali River is established because the Western border between the 2 nations.

As all people has a typical consensus on the Kali river being the western Indo-Nepal border, there are confusions over the situation and origin of the river.

According to Nepali specialists, the Kali river originates from Limpiyadhura which is about 30 Kilometers west of Kalapani. The political map issued by India on April 24, 1856 confirming to the Sugauli treaty, regards  Limpiyadhura because the river’s origin. There are three villages there, particularly—Kuti, Nabi and Gunji, that are Inhabited by Nepali nationals, nevertheless each of the nations lay declare for these villages. Baitadi District of Nepal has official documentation of land revenues that had been collected by the Nepal authorities from the villages till the 1940s. Similarly, claims are additionally made on Kali river that sources from Limpiya Dhura as had been talked about within the Treaty.



On the opposite, official sources in India declare that the UP state India has official documentation of revenues and administration as per which Kalapani areas has been historically ruled as Pithoragarh district. India has been subjected to allegations of encroaching 385 sq. km of land by shifting the border.

This picture reveals Kalapani space. Image: Google Maps

Lipulekh additionally serves because the Indo-China border. The British army in the course of the Indian occupancy deliberately shifted the border and legalized its possession of the territory. This was accomplished in an try and direct commerce path to China, shortening distance.

In 2015, India and China signed a bilateral settlement on working a checkpoint in Lipulekh, figuring out it as a bilateral crossing level and never a tri-junction.

Whenever the dispute resurfaces, Indian officers state that the difficulty must be addressed with out impacting its 2015 settlement with China. However, Nepali officers deny the assertion.

Nepali authorities declare that a man-made stream was constructed in Kalapani which later meets the river originating in Lipulekh, which was accomplished by the Indian Officials to lengthen its unlawful rule in Kalapani. However, official data are absent claiming this stream to be the border line.

All the Nepali maps issued after 1975 are incorrect because the maps had been referred from the Indian Maps, with out subject surveys. India has been utilizing the identical map since 1962.

A joint fee, which at present is inactive, has been fashioned with international secretary of every nation as representatives.

It is fascinating that the brand new map issued by India contradicts India’s declare to Kalapani. The new map of India considers the river originating from Limpiyadhura because the Kali river, which is the border line in line with the Sugauli treaty.

However, the river is integrated because the Indian territory. This displays that India has avoided its historic stance on the origin of the Kali river and thought of Limpiya Dhura because the origin of the Kali river, which is widespread to Nepal’s declare.




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